1, prevent bask in Summer coast crossing or mountain climbing, the sun is quite strong, be sure to pay attention to the sun.Generally speaking, the team starts in the morning, and it is nearly noon when they arrive at the starting point.The highest temperature at this time, the sun like fire, the sun’s ultraviolet radiation is particularly strong, long time exposure to the sun, the skin will cause 1~2 degrees of burns, and heat stroke will occur.Ultraviolet radiation can also pass through the skin, bones, radiation to the meninges, retina, brain and eyeball damage. What to do: avoid firebreaks along shorelines and ridges in hot weather.Take part in the general activities must take sun hat, sunglasses, sunscreen, towel, wear long sleeve jacket, and take shishui, rendan, huoxiang zhengqi pills, cooling oil and other medicines. 2, water Summer outdoor sports sweat more, must timely supplement water, but if the drinking water way is wrong, it will cause adverse consequences.Many models in beverage advertisements, during exercise or at rest, tend to drink a bottle of beverage, which seems to quench their thirst. In fact, from the perspective of exercise physiology, it is very harmful.Exercise and exercise after a lot of water, the blood circulation system, digestive system, especially to the heart increase the burden, resulting in more fatigue.The result of drinking a lot of water is just sweating more, leading to further loss of salt and causing cramps and cramps. What to do: drink only a few sips of water each time, often. Don’t rely on the feeling of thirst as a basis for hydration.Don’t drink a lot of water at once, but don’t control hydration. If you don’t get enough, it can lead to kidney failure. Generally speaking, a day’s activities around nanning (5-8 hours) in summer requires at least 2-3 liters of drinking water, and even 6 liters of water at high temperatures.Recommended carrying amount: more than 4 bottles of 600 ml water, more than 1 bottle of 550 ml sports drink (grape or sweet), 50 grams of pickled vegetables.You can also prepare your own sports drinks. The formula is: some green tea or black tea (2 small bags in bags), some fruity powder beverage such as fruit juice, some
1. Try not to stand on a loose rock, bend down and reach down to pull someone your weight.To lean back, pull your hands as close to your legs as possible as you can.Or use a piece of rope. 2, try not to shake hands with two people, from the bottom up people;Hold each other’s wrists. 3, try not to use dry branches or weeds or the diameter of your thumb than the tree branches, such as pull climbing;You can only climb with the pull of a rooted branch that is larger than your thumb. 4, try not to rely on the branches smaller than their wrists do horizontal bar, hanging bending branches to rise or fall, easy to break;Use branches that are thicker than your wrists or as close to the base of the stressed branch as possible. 5. Try not to climb with the help of a rock that is higher than your head and cannot be judged as solid or not. It is extremely dangerous to hang your life on a rock you do not know.It should be fixed at three points and verified with the strength of a limb before action. 6, try not to climb more rubble, snow and ice, easy to slide the slope, the adjacent team is too close;Make room for two more people than usual in case anyone below gets hurt. 7, try not to go down in the slippery slope time distance is too small;Wait until the safety of the people in front of the bottom, the back can be down;If possible, the person in front can protect the person behind. 8. Try not to have sediment, plant leaves, water, snow and other substances on the sole of mountaineering shoes that reduce the friction coefficient;With these materials, you can climb a huge rock only two-thirds of the way up the original slope, or your feet will slip. 9, try not to fatigue and carry heavy baggage on the steep slope of the rest, too anxious straight back rest;If tired, it is best to stop straight waist, turn back against the mountain, straight waist rest.Avoid rolling backward downhill. 10, try not to drill in the jungle before and after too close, rebound
The necessary learning of diving Including the use of breathing tube and regulator, water rest method, emergency treatment and so on. The preparation before entering the water is very important.Check the function of the equipment by yourself, and check with each other again. Entry position: head-on upright dive – water depth more than 1.5 meters, feet open in front and behind, one hand holding the mask, the other hand on the air tube strap.Back into the water – sit on the boat facing inward and back into the water.Front sitting into the water – for beginners.Side into the water – then float and roll into the water on the dinghy. Dive: B.C. (buoyancy adjuster) method – used with buoyancy adjuster, heavy belt, on head and foot.Don’t use B.C.- on the bottom of the head. Rising: keep the rising speed within 18 meters per minute, that is, don’t exceed the rising speed of your own exhaled bubbles.Don’t stop breathing;When looking up at the water, you can point the direction with your right hand. Pay attention to your back and slowly rotate your body. The following patients are not suitable for diving: cold, neuropathy, ear and nose diseases, high (low) blood pressure, drunk, diabetes. The difference between snorkeling and scuba diving: scuba diving refers to the scuba diving method in which the diver carries an oxygen tank to breathe for a long time.Skin diving is about diving when you can hold your breath;Until you can’t hold your breath anymore. The rules of scuba diving: two people together principle: two people from the water to the shore must be together;Coaches must not allow their companions to disembark on their own;The two keep in touch.What to do when you’re alone: stay calm, float a few meters, and look for company.Rise to the surface when you can’t find it. Watch for bubbles., still no sign of companions, should return to the entry point.Do not kill aquatic animals if it is not necessary.Check residual manometer allowance every 10 m. A few common gestures: I’m fine now – “OK”, notice the direction – “index finger indicates direction”, float up – “right fist, thumb up”, dive – “right fist, thumb down”.Adjust ear pressure: for the first time diving
According to their own situation and the surrounding environmental conditions, send out different distress signals.Typically, the three repetitions represent a call for help. Smoke signals Firelight is very effective as a contact signal.Distress can be based on their own situation: in order to ensure its reliability, during the day on the fire put some moss, green branches, rubber and other smoke;In the evening, you can put some dry wood to make the fire burn and raise the fire. Setting off three sets of flames is an internationally accepted distress signal, and placing them in a triangle with equal intervals between each pile is ideal, which also facilitates lighting.If fuel is scarce or you are badly wounded, or if you are too hungry or too weak to make three fires, simply light one. Do not let all signal fires burn all day, but be prepared to keep the fuel dry and light it as soon as any aircraft passes by.The fuel in a fire needs to burn easily and burn quickly when ignited, because some opportunities are fleeting.Birch bark is an ideal fuel.You can use gasoline, but you can’t pour gasoline on a fire.Make a wick with some fabric, soak it in gasoline, put it on a fuel pile, and move the tank to a safe place before lighting it.If the fire burns well after ignition, be sure to add fuel without sparks or embers before adding gasoline. Smoke is a good signal during the day, so add smoke emitting materials to the fire.The smoke rises into the air in sharp contrast to its surroundings and is easily noticed. Bright smoke stands out at night or in dark green jungle.Adding grass, leaves, mosses and ferns creates smoke.Actually any damp thing produces smoke, damp straw mat, cushion can fume burn very long time, fly bug also closes hard at the same time hurtful. Black smoke is most visible in snow or desert. Black smoke is produced by rubber and gasoline.If the smoke is confined to the ground, it can be amplified, so that the heat rises more quickly and carries the smoke to considerable heights. Ground to air signals The letters listed below are international distress calls, and “FILL” can help you
If the hotel is equipped with coin-operated washing machines and dryers, you will be lucky. You just need to coin to buy a bag of washing powder.In case did not sell washing powder, it does not matter, back to the room will Soap rub broken, or take Shampoo, Bath Gel pour in, can also wash fragrant clothes, the effect is better than washing powder. What if you don’t have a washing machine? Ask the concierge first. Is there a cheap laundromat just outside?Or, ask your room attendant if anyone would like to do laundry for you?My experience is that the more backward the place, the more expensive the hotel laundry fees, eat you into the net, eat you helpless — hey, I will ask who is willing to part-time private.On a trip to Hanoi, Vietnam, I spent $5 on a week’s worth of sweaty laundry, but don’t expect them to use an iron. It’s nice and dry. My alternative is to shower (including Shampoo, Bath Gel) while trampling on the clothes (especially effective against undergarments and socks, like a club mallet or washboard).Wait to wash bath, clothings also washed probably, rub with clear water next one rub, jilt one jilt can. The next step is to dry it.Where to hang it?Never hang it out in the bathroom. The humidity is too high.Nor does it work in the clothes-cupboard, which is less likely to dry and smells musty.I suggest: wash out before taking out, as much as possible wring dry, like a roll like wring dry before spreading out.If can’t wring dry clothings, can spread out to put on big bath towel directly (or bedspread, blanket, quilt) go up, roll a roll, let it absorb water (be wicked). Usually, I hang my clothes near the air conditioner (heating) blow dryer or in the air conditioner (heating) area.The trick is to run the clothes through a rope to dry — oh, you must ask, where did I get my rope from?Ah, the nylon rope I brought from home, of course.Remember, but also with a hook, tied at both ends of the rope, convenient suspension.Or hang out of a window so the wind doesn’t blow away. If you don’t have a rope, don’t
You only live once!You only live once!You only live once!Many times the life and death of a team lies in the leader’s mind. Life only once, please make “choice”, safety is always the first element of playing outdoors, but also the team leader must master the first element, please always remember: safety is always the first!Safety comes first!Safety comes first! The second golden rule is to respect the weather Bad weather can turn a sunny outing into a terrifying, deadly trip to hell.In the case of the aotai route, 80 per cent of the deaths were linked to changes in the weather. As a team leader, you must judge the weather in time.Sudden changes in the weather may cause the team to lose sight of nothing. The snow and rain may cause the blood of the team members to condense. You seem to lose the ability to think and lose your way. All of a sudden, you feel the pain of death gripping your heart, you feel helpless.You can’t feel your fingers or toes.Ice congealed in your pallor, and you and your companions cried desperately for help in the storm.It’s too late!Don’t put yourself in any of these situations.Read the weather forecasts carefully to make sure you understand them, think carefully about the weather, and be prepared to “camp in place” and “retreat.” Bad weather may happen by chance.Mountains, with their own weather laws, cannot be accurately predicted based on today’s weather conditions. We cannot build a weather observatory on top of the mountain.So the team leader should trust the weather forecast system on the one hand, but pay close attention to the changes in the mountain itself.Place a fixed rope where possible, carry a compass, and the camp must have secure lights.Guard against all possible dangers. The third golden rule is to master the barrel principle The cask effect principle, as most people know, means that how much water you can hold in a bucket depends on the shortest board.If a bucket is to be filled with water, it must have the same level and undamaged board. If one of the boards of the bucket is uneven or there is a hole in the bottom of one of the
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